Belgium is too small to massively produce hydrogen in a green way. This is not yet widespread in other countries either. Nevertheless, the ports of Antwerp and Zeebrugge, together with DEME, Engie, Exmar and Fluxys, will look into the import options in 2020.
Perhaps because Belgium has limited opportunities to produce hydrogen with solar and wind energy, both the Flemish and Belgian climate plans do not mention initiatives to reduce our CO2 emissions using hydrogen. The current production method of hydrogen with natural gas produces a lot of CO2. Massive imports of green hydrogen can remedy this, but construction of installations abroad for its production is only now getting under way.
Logistical, technical and legal challenges
In some European countries, construction of plants to produce hydrogen from renewable sources was started, but two non-European countries would have the capacities, both enough water and enough solar and wind energy: Oman and Chile. However, the possible choice for these countries also creates logistical, technical and legal challenges. It is this feasibility exercise that the Flemish ports of Antwerp and Zeebrugge, together with their project partners, want to make in 2020.